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What is CBD Hemp Oil?
(Updated) The landscape of the pharmaceutical industry is changing. Yes, technological advancements are being made that will transform the drug supply chain. Yes, drug company research and development teams are finding better treatments and cures. Yes, the customer experience is being more highly considered than ever before. But this change goes deeper than any of these modifications. Public sentiment about acceptable forms of treatment has been altered-specifically when it comes to marijuana use! Because of this, long-standing laws are changing, and pharmaceutical companies are investing in research around marijuana. One promising treatment is CBD hemp oil.
The cannabis plant contains at least 113 active cannabinoids, or chemical compounds that act on some of the body’s cell membrane receptors. When these cannabinoids act, they have varying effects on several physiological processes. CBD is one of these cannabinoids, and scientists are harnessing its power by extracting it from cannabis and turning it into an ingestible oil.
CBD hemp oil is different from other medical marijuana products. While these alternative products are made using plants with high amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which has a psychoactive effect, CBD hemp oil is made from hemp that only has trace amounts of THC. This means that patients do not get the “high” effect that is often attributed to marijuana.
Instead, CBD hemp oil is made from hemp with high amounts of CBD (cannabidiol). Although the CBD is non-psychotropic, it does still interact with the naturally occurring systems in the body.
How Does CBD Work?
As previously stated, CBD, like all other cannabinoids, acts on cell membrane receptors in the body. But cannabinoids that are introduced into the body can’t just attach themselves to any cell receptor. They must attach themselves to the two types of receptors that are specifically for cannabinoids, CB1 and CB2 receptors. That’s right, there are receptors that are dedicated to accepting cannabinoids, and this is because some types of cannabinoids are actually produced by the human body itself!
The cannabinoids made by the body, anandamide and 2-AG, are endocannabinoids. The cannabinoids from cannabis, or from any other plant, are phytocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids help with bodily function, or homeostasis, by controlling communication that happens with cells. In short, endocannabinoids and the cells that they attach to keep the human body balanced when it comes to hormone regulation, pain, mood, appetite, and more.
These cannabinoid receptors can be found all over the body. However, CB1 receptors are most commonly found in the brain, and CB2 receptors are most commonly found in the immune system. As previously mentioned, they each affect specific physiological processes. When it comes to CB1 receptors, everything from memory and appetite to mood and pain is dealt with. When it comes to CB2 receptors, inflammation and pain are the main processes interacted with.
The trick with CBD, though, is that it does not directly act on CB1 and CB2 receptors. Rather, it encourages the body to use more of its own cannabinoids.
Is CBD Hemp Oil Legal?
The legality of cannabis is in flux. Federally, while it is still illegal, the discussion of decriminalization or legalization is growing louder. At the state level, the laws around cannabis vary to a much greater extent, with it being recreationally legal in some states, medicinally legal in others, and completely illegal in some.
However, in a number of states, the government looks at CBD in a different light, as it does not have significant levels of THC in it. In some states, this is simply because they view it as a hemp product, making it easier to obtain. Other states have special legislation that surrounds CBD hemp oil, allowing it to be used as a treatment for specific conditions.
CBD Hemp Oil Products
Although the name suggests it, CBD oil does not just come as a bottle of oil. It comes in a variety of methods, each with differing potencies and prices.
- Topical: CBD hemp oil does not have to be ingested internally in order to provide benefits. It can also be used topically as a balm or salve. When it is rubbed onto the skin and absorbed, it is effective at pinpointing problem areas on the body in terms of specific muscles, joints, or skin irritations.
- Liquids and Tinctures: This form of CBD hemp oil is a diluted version of the oil, turning it into a natural oil base. It can then be mixed with flavoring, which is favorable when using it as treatment with children. This diluted form is also ideal for those who need the oil in lower doses.
- Pure Oil: For individuals that need more potent doses of CBD, ingesting it as pure oil is the most efficient form. Typically, this form of CBD is strictly quality-tested and comes with no additives.
- Capsules: CBD in this form allows it to be ingested in the most medically traditional fashion. For individuals who are used to taking several pills in the morning, this method of CBD ingestion is the most straightforward.
THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FDA AND ARE NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT OR CURE ANY DISEASE. ALWAYS CHECK WITH YOUR PHYSICIAN BEFORE STARTING A NEW DIETARY SUPPLEMENT PROGRAM.
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